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History of MIL-STD-1553

MIL-STD-1553B was released in 1978 as a tri-services standard (Air Force, Army, and Navy/Marine Corp). Since then, numerous weapon systems have implemented 1553, including:

  • Air Force: B-1B, B-2, B-52, F-15, F-16, F-117, F-5, T-38, C-130, C-17, KC-135, F-22, AWACS
  • Navy/Marine Corps: F-14, F-18, E-2C/D, P-3, P-8, shipboard communication systems, shipboard fire control systems, ESSM (Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile), RAM (Rolling Airframe Missile), Lamps helicopter, EA-6B, AV-8B, LCAC, V-22, CH-53 Sea Stallion helicopter, H1 helicopter
  • Army: AH-64 Apache helicopter, CH-47 Chinhook helicopter, AH-1 Cobra helicopter, H-60 Black Hawk helicopter, M1A2 tank, M2A3 Bradley fighting vehicle, A-10 attack aircraft

In 1981, the standard was released as a NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG 3838) and was implemented in numerous European systems, including:

  • Typhoon Euro-Fighter, Tornado fighter, JAS Grippen Fighter, Tiger Attack helicopter, NH-90 Tactical transport helicopter, Hawk T1 trainer, Lynx helicopter, Stormer armored vehicle, PAAMS (Principal Anti Air Missile System), RAFALE figher, JAGUAR ground attack aircraft, Mirage fighter, Aermacchi M-346/MB-339 trainers, SAK 57 automatic cannon, LEOPARD 2 main battle tank
  • Expansion into eastern Europe: Russian SU-27, MIG-29, MSSR-JAC Secondary Surveillance Radars, and Turkey T-129 ATAK attack helicopter

In 1985, MIL-STD-1553 is defined as the primary communication link for smart bombs as defined in MIL-STD-1760, and was implemented in numerous munitions, including:

  • United States: JDAM, JSOW, AIM-9X, Paveway, AMRAAM, Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser, HARM missile
  • Europe: MICA missile, AASM Precision guided air to ground munition, ASMP medium-range air to surface missile, Storm Shadow/Scalp cruise missile, Aster surface-to-air missile, Meteor missile

The usage of MIL-STD-1553 expanded into space applications, including:

  • United States: International Space Station, Space Shuttle, Delta launch vehicles, Atlas launch vehicle, Centaur launch vehicle, and numerous military and commercial satellite programs (including GPD, SBIR, Advanced EHF)
  • International Satellites from Europe and South America: Herschel Space Observatory, Planck spacecraft, Gaia satellite, LISA PATHFINDER space probe, SAOCOM (Argentine Microwaves Observation Satellite), CBERS (China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite), GLONASS (Global Navigation Satellite System), Yamal-300 Telecomunitcations Satellite, SOYUZ-TM
  • Japan: H2 launch vehicle (space), HTV (H-II Transfer Vehicle which is an unmanned resupply spacecraft), JEM (Japanese Experiment Module for the International Space Station), ALOS (Advanced Land Observing Satellite)
  • India: CHANDRAYAAN lunar probe, GEOSAT communication satellite

MIL-STD-1553 continued its expansion into Asia, including:

  • Israel: Arrow missile, F-16 peace marble, MERKAVA main battle tank
  • Japan: F-2 fighter, SH60J/K Seahawk helicopter, P-X Maritime Patrol Aircraft, OH Ninja reconnaissance helicopter, 155mm HSP (Self-Propelled Howitzer), C-X cargo plane, AAM-4 medium range air-to-air missile, AAM-5 short-range air-to-air missile
  • China: SU-27 fighter, SU-30 fighter, J-8/F-8 fighter
  • India: LCA Light Combat Aircraft, ALH (Advanced Light Helicopter)
  • Taiwan: TC-2 Sky Sword II air-to-air missile

MIL-STD-1553 expanded into Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), including:

  • Predator, Global Hawk, Hunter, MQ9 Reaper

MIL-STD-1553 has now expanded into commercial aircrafts, such as the Airbus A350

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